Kemmerer sits on a hill overlooking the Hams Fork River in the high desert of western Wyoming. A grid of neatly laid-out streets and avenues form the core of the city and growth has extended out from there. Kemmerer has two close neighbors, Diamondville, which lies on it's southern boundary, and Frontier which lies not far to the north.
Mining is the industry of Kemmerer, which was founded by Patrick J. Quealy and Mahlon S. Kemmerer in 1897 along with the formation of the Kemmerer Coal Company, which operates six miles south of the town. Coal mines were operated here before Kemmerer was founded, beginning in 1881. Kemmerer now boasts the largest open-pit coal mine in the world.
Fossil Butte National Monument is located 15 miles west of Kemmerer, where fossil fishes were mined and sold before it became a monument. Kemmerer is also home to the mother store of the J.C. Penneys retail chain, which still operates from its original building on Pine Avenue at the center of town.
The east-west route U.S. Highway 30 passes through Kemmerer, as well as the north-south route U.S. Highway 189. While highway 30 is technically designated through the main streets of the town, most traffic now uses the bypass route which shortcuts around the south side of the hill Kemmerer is on.
Kemmerer had a population of 2,651 people in the year 2000. It is the county seat for Lincoln County, with an attractive county courthouse. The elevation is 6,940 feet.